and the universe was with out form and void, is the King James translation.
But in the Torah the origonal words are
and the earth was toha and bohu
toha means unformed or chaotic
bohu means filled with the building blocks of matter.
Source: Talmud and Nahamanides
So the most accurate translation would be: in a state of chaos but filled with the building blocks of matter.
Thus the story begins as told in the Torah with the appearance of the building blocks of matter. or in scientific term when quarks were confined creating protons, the building blocks.
We know the temperature then and thus the frequency of light radiation. We know what it is from theory but also by direct experiments in the lab. It is ~ 1,000,000,000,000 K
We also know what the temp of that same radiation is today ~ 3 K and thus its frequency. Thus the frequency of radiation at the start of the story was ~ 1,000,000,000,000 (10^12)times greater than the 3K radiation today.
The expanding universe has slowed the frequency of that radiation by 10 ^12. This applies to proper rates of events
P.J.E Peebels, Principles of Physical Cosmology, Princeton University Pres, Princeton 1993 page 96
When we here on earth today measure the age of the universe, we look back in time, using earth based clocks. We measure an age of ~ 15 billion years.
The Torah adopts earth based time perspective only after the advent of Adam. The initial clock in the torah looks forward in time from "the beginning" a clock tuned to the rate of events, i.e. the frequency of light , the back ground radiation at the moment the building blocks of matter first appeared. That same radiation view today is stretched by a factor of 10^12 and thus to an observer today, ticks 10^12 times slower. A 10^12 difference in time perception thus exists.
While the initial cosmic clock ticks of one minute, our clock ticks of 10^12 minutes.
Now divide 15 billion years by 10^12.
15,000,000,000/1,000,000,000,000 canceling zeros
15years/1000 = .015 y
.015 y = .015y * 365 days/year = 5.5 days
If the universe had been any other size, temp, or mass, or if the threshold temp for the formation of mass (building blocks) (protons and neutrons) had been any different, this ratio would not hold.
The Torah and science agree within agreeable margin of error.
To get exactly 6 days, the universe is 16.438 billion years old.
WOW! Ray Comfort should take note of this and cite as needed.